|Programme||Secondary Education teaching degree (Realschule track)|
|Degree awarded||Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)|
|Starts in||April (summer semester)|
and October (winter semester)
|Language of instruction||German|
About the programme
Most degree programmes in Germany are in the process of being adapted to the international Bachelor's and Master's degree system; among the few exceptions to this rule are the civil-service-track teaching degree programmes ('Lehramt'), which still conclude with a State Examination in Bavaria. In connection with this it should be pointed out that you must have German or EU nationality to qualify for a civil service career in Germany.
The University of Passau has launched a new type of secondary teaching degree to train teachers for the German 'Realschule', a selective 6-year secondary school which qualifies pupils for higher-level vocational work or vocational higher education. The Bachelor of Education, currently in its pilot phase, takes the conventional Lehramt Realschule curriculum and gives it the new, internationally recognised first and second-cycle degree structure.
If you are interested in studying the Lehramt Realschule programme, the Bachelor of Education may be an interesting alternative for you.
- The pilot programme consists of the Bachelor of Education and the consecutive Master of Education, which is based on the bachelor's programme. The Bachelor of Education, as the first part of the pilot programme, does not include the First State Examination for teachers; this can be completed after the study of further two semesters in the context of the Master of Education or in the regular Teacher Education Programme for Realschule secondary school.
- If you follow this path you actually receive three qualifications: the First State Examination for teachers, the B.Ed. Secondary Education and the M.Ed. Teaching and Learning Processes.
- Compared to the conventional teacher degrees, the B.Ed. and M.Ed. route contains a larger proportion of pedagogy and didactics modules, which will be useful for your traineeship and during your career in education.
- One of your two teaching subjects is studied up to 90 ECTS credits – the same as students of Gymnasium-type schools (Gymnasium is a secondary school that prepares pupils for access to higher education). Technically, this results in a higher-level qualification than the conventional 'Lehramt Realschule' teacher education degree and makes it easier for you to switch to a different secondary school track or change your main teaching subject if you wish to do so during your degree programme.
- If you do not wish to study for the Master of Education after completing the bachelor’s degree, you have the opportunity to switch to the conventional Lehramt Realschule teacher education programme and sit the First State Examination for teachers. Attempting this pilot programme is therefore completely risk-free.
First you study for your Bachelor of Education degree, with a length of study of 6 semesters. During this time you will accumulate 180 ECTS credits on the basis of your dissertation and the four module groups:
A) Education Sciences (pedagogy)
B) Teaching subjects
C) Subject didactics
D) Practice Teaching
A) The Education Science modules impart expertise and methodologies in the subject areas of general pedagogy, school pedagogy and psychology.
B) You will choose two teaching subjects. The primary subject is studied in greater depth with 90 ECTS credits, while the secondary subject amounts to 50 ECTS credits. Teaching subject combinations
C) In this module group you study the teaching method for your chosen teaching subjects.
D) At this stage you will complete a number of practice teaching sessions where you will actually teach classes at a school to give you practical experience at an early stage.
You will write your dissertation on a topic chosen from module groups A or C.
Upon completion of the B.Ed. degree programme, you can proceed with the master's programme (subject to access requirements).
Master's degree in combination with state examination and traineeship
For a traineeship ('Referendariat') and to subsequently work as a teacher at a Bavarian state-run school, you are required to pass the First State Examination for teachers; the coursework completed for your Bachelor of Education degree is insufficient for admission to the State Examination. If you choose to proceed with the Master of Education programme, you will sit the State Examination during the second semester of your master's programme, or the 8th semester counting from the beginning of the bachelor's programme. After sitting the First State Examination for teachers, the third semester of the master's programme consists of advanced pedagogy studies. You will write your master's thesis during the fourth semester of this programme. If you decide against studying the master's programme, having completed the bachelor's programme, you can switch to the traditional 'Lehramt Realschule' programme and sit the First State Examination for teachers.
Academic entry requirements
To apply for this degree programme you need a recognised university entrance qualification, e.g. the German Abitur or an equivalent qualification.
German language requirements
You will need German language skills at level C1 CEFR or higher to study this degree programme, as that is the main language of instruction for this programme. Therefore, you will have to provide a recognised German language certificate such as DSH-2 or TestDaF 4 in all four categories, unless German was the language of instruction for your secondary school education (e.g. Abitur at a German international school) or prior tertiary education.
The University of Passau has set up a German language teaching unit, German Courses Passau, which offers a selection of preparatory language programmes tailored to the needs of international students. These range from summer courses to a full academic year and cater to learners of all levels.
For details on the programme, visit the Teacher Education Centre (ZLF) website.