The German marking system

The German marking system

Marks awarded in the German school system

Mark Descriptor Grade
1 'sehr gut' – very good; an outstanding piece of work pass
2 'gut' – good; all expectations have been met in full pass
3 'befriedigend' – satisfactory; an average work pass
4 'ausreichend' – sufficient; an average work with some minor deficiencies pass
5 'mangelhaft' – deficient; minimum expectations have not been met, although the candidate has demonstrated a basic grasp of the main concepts fail
6 'ungenügend' – inadequate; the candidate has failed to demonstrate coherent knowledge of even the basic main points fail

The grading system of the University of Passau (for all subjects other than Law)

Mark Descriptor Grade
1.0 – 1.3 'sehr gut' – very good pass
1.7 – 2.3 'gut' – good pass
2.7 – 3.3 'befriedigend' – satisfactory pass
3.7 – 4.0 'ausreichend' – sufficient pass
4.3 – 5.0 'mangelhaft' – deficient fail

Grading scheme for the Law undergraduate programme

Doctoral grades (thesis and viva voce)

Grade Descriptor
up to 1.5 summa cum laude 
1.5 – 2.5 magna cum laude 
2.5 – 3.5 cum laude 
3.5 – 4.0 rite

German decimal notation

Please note that the German notation uses the comma, rather than the period, as the decimal separator: the marks grades would be written 1,0; 1,3; 2,5 etc. 

Contact for enquiries

International Office

Phone: +49 851 509 1162
Fax: +49 851 509 1164 internationalatuni-passau.de Website Office hours:

Mon-Fri 08:30 a.m. – 12 noon

Administration building, 1st floor
Innstrasse 41
94032 Passau
Germany