Teacher training programme for secondary education (Mittelschule)

Teacher training programme for secondary education (Mittelschule)

School pupils in class
Quick facts
ProgrammeTeacher Education for Secondary Education (Mittelschule)
Qualification gainedFirst State Examination for Teachers
Duration7 semesters
Starts inApril (summer semester)
and October (winter semester)
Language of instructionGerman

About the programme

Mittelschule is one of three types of secondary school in Bavaria. It is a type of school based on what was formerly called Hauptschule, but offering classes in all three vocational branches (technology, business and social services) – it is not a new type of school but an enhancement of the existing Hauptschule, offering a wider range of more advanced vocational curricula and all-day schooling in cooperation with the Berufsschule, local and regional businesses and the job centre; another change is that pupils can gain access to an intermediate-level secondary school leaving certificate.

As a future Mittelschule teacher you will teach 5th and 6th forms at Mittelschule schools, accompanying your pupils from the late stages of childhood through their puberty. In addition to teaching general education subjects, you will provide an in-depth vocational orientation in the subject "Work, Business and Technology" in cooperation with specialist teachers from the Technology, Business and Social Work tracks. Since the Mittelschule retains the principle of having one single person teach all or at least the main subjects, you have a chance to give your pupils the individual support they need and promote their personal development. In all, although the curriculum is geared towards vocational education, it also gives students the pre-requisites to continue attendance at higher-level schools. As a result, education and advice is a key role of the Mittelschule, in addition to imparting knowledge and the vocational orientation. As a consequence, teachers have to be professional in their approach and able to deal with a heterogeneous group of pupils at a time of transition from children to youngsters. For this reason, teacher training students are given all the necessary didactic, educational and academic prerequisites for a successful teaching career.


  • PArcours: Test yourself, question your aptitude as a teacher before you start studying and get feedback about your strong suits and development potential. The University of Passau is the first Bavarian university to offer this voluntary self-test for students.
  • Centre for Careers and Competencies (ZKK):The ZKK offers free seminars tailored to students enrolled in teacher training programmes, such as: "Being Well Prepared as a Teacher for Consultation Hours with Parents" or "Using Your Voice Effectively and Carefully".
  • Study abroad: More than a third of University of Passau students spend at least one semester abroad. The International Office can give you more information on the destinations.
  • Teacher Education Centre (ZLF): This unit co-ordinates various tasks in connection with teacher training. One key are is connecting tertiary, secondary and primary education, as well as combining theory and the realities of the occupation to lay the foundations for a professional teacher personality (e.g. in biographical seminars). The Teacher Education Centre issues your syllabuses for the chosen teaching subject combinations, and gives you information on practice teaching and internships.

Career prospects

This programme concludes with the First State Examination for Teachers, followed by a two-year preparatory traineeship, which in turn ends with the Second State Examination for Secondary School (Mittelschule) Teachers. Please consult the "Prognose zum Lehrerbedarf in Bayern" publication from the Bavarian Education Ministry for a forecast of the required number of teachers. Once you have completed the state examinations, you are also qualified for occupations outside of the school sector, e.g. by working as an education official at educational establishments, in the non-school youth education sector, for continuing professional development training bodies, pedagogy-related occupations at specialist publishers and more – the Centre for Careers and Competencies will be happy to give you more information.

Programme syllabus

The curriculum of the modular programme is determined in the teacher training regulations for the State of Bavaria (Lehramtsprüfungsordnung I, LPO I). You will accumulate 210 ECTS credits studying the following modules:

  • One teaching subject
  • Didactics of a Subject Group for Mittelschule
  • Pedagogy
  • Practice teaching at schools and one internship to be completed at a company

You will choose one of the following teaching subjects:

  • German
  • English
  • Geography
  • History
  • Computer Science
  • Catholic Religious Education
  • Art Education (with aptitude test)
  • Mathematics
  • Civics
  • Physical Education (with aptitude test)

Complementary subject:
You may select a second subject from the above list or Ethics, which you will then study as a complementary teaching subject.

Didactics of a Subject Group for Mittelschule:
You will study your chosen teaching subject together with the subject Didactics of a Subject Group for Hauptschule, consisting of three didactics subjects and Pedagogy for Mittelschule (German). For further information on the teaching subjects refer to the website of the Teacher Education Centre (German).

This module includes the following subjects: General Pedagogy, School Pedagogy, Psychology and one social science in combination with Theology or Philosophy.

Practice teaching and internships:

  • Orientation practice (ideally completed prior to starting on the programme)
  • Practice teaching at a school to develop pedagogical and didactic skills (this is a two-part teaching practice) or Exercitium Paedagogicum
  • First teaching-subject-specific part-time internship (accompanying coursework)
  • Second teaching-subject-specific part-time internship (accompanying coursework)
  • A business internship at a non-school organisation or company

The First Examination for Teachers consists of module examinations, which are administered by the University and should be completed while studying the programme, and the First State Examination, which will take place after the degree programme has been completed. (Please note that foreign language qualifications (German) and basic qualifications in Physical Education, unless P.E. is one of the teaching subjects, are now a requirement for admission to the First State Examination.)

You can extend your potential employment opportunities to primary schools by selecting "Didactics of a Subject Group for Primary School" as a complementary subject.

Academic entry requirements

To apply for this degree programme you need a recognised university entrance qualification, e.g. the German Abitur or an equivalent qualification.

German language requirements

You will need German language skills at level B2 CEFR or higher to study this degree programme, as that is the main language of instruction for this programme. Therefore, you will have to provide a recognised German language certificate such as DSH-1 or TestDaF 3×4 with your application, unless German was the language of instruction for your secondary school education (e.g. Abitur at a German international school).

The University of Passau has set up a German language teaching unit, German Courses Passau, which offers a selection of preparatory language programmes tailored to the needs of international students. These range from summer courses to a full academic year and cater to learners of all levels.