Teacher training programme for secondary education (Realschule)

Teacher training programme for secondary education (Realschule)

Student in the library
Quick facts
ProgrammeTeacher Education for Secondary Education (Realschule)
Qualification gainedFirst State Examination for Teachers
Duration7 semesters
Starts inApril (summer semester)
and October (winter semester)
Language of instructionGerman

About the programme

As a Realschule teacher you will accompany your pupils from their late childhood until after puberty. These are important years in which youngsters are prepared for vocational training and more advanced training and education. The challenge is not only to impart subject-specific knowledge but also help pupils to develop the key skills they need to be successful on the labour market.

As a consequence, teachers have to be professional in their approach and able to deal with a heterogeneous group of pupils at a time of transition from children to youngsters. Teacher training for future Realschule school teachers is aimed at developing expertise in the chosen teaching subjects, as well as in pedagogy, didactics and psychology. The compulsory internships completed during the programme give you a first glimpse of what it is like to be on the other side of the teacher's desk.

The programme concludes with the First State Examination for Teachers. This is followed by a two-year preparatory traineeship, which in turn ends with the Second State Examination for Secondary School (Realschule) Teachers.


  • The University administers a related degree programme, currently at its pilot stage, for advanced secondary school (Realschule) teacher training: Bachelor of Education in Secondary Education (Realschule).
  • PArcours: Test yourself, question your aptitude as a teacher before you start studying and get feedback about your strong suits and development potential. The University of Passau is the first Bavarian university to offer this voluntary self-test for students.
  • Centre for Careers and Competencies (ZKK): The ZKK offers free seminars tailored to students enrolled in teacher training programmes, such as "Being Well Prepared as a Teacher for Consultation Hours with Parents" or "Using Your Voice Effectively and Carefully".
  • Study abroad: More than a third of University of Passau students spend at least one semester abroad. The International Office can give you more information on the destinations.
  • Teacher Education Centre (ZLF): This unit co-ordinates various tasks in connection with teacher training, connects tertiary, secondary and primary teacher training, and combines theory and the realities of the occupation – to help you develop a professional teacher personality (e.g. in biographical seminars). The Teacher Education Centre issues your syllabuses for the chosen teaching subject combinations, and gives you information on practice teaching and internships.

Career prospects

Once you complete the First State Examination for Teachers, you will enter the civil service preparatory traineeship, which concludes with the Second State Examination. Please consult the "Prognose zum Lehrerbedarf in Bayern" publication from the Bavarian Education Ministry for a forecast of the required number of teachers. Your employment opportunities are also determined in no small way by your chosen teaching subject combination (for secondary schools) – it is recommended that you consider this carefully when starting out on your studies.
Once you have completed the state examinations, you are also qualified for occupations outside of the school sector, e.g. by working as an education official at educational establishments, in the non-school youth education sector, for continuing professional development training bodies, pedagogy-related occupations at specialist publishers and more – the Careers Service will be happy to give you more information.

Forecast for the required number of teachers in Bavaria (as of February 2012; German)

Programme syllabus

The curriculum of the modular programme of study is determined in the Bavarian teacher education regulations (Lehramtsprüfungsordnung I). You will accumulate 210 ECTS credits by studying the following modules, which double as access requirements for the First State Examination:

A) Education Science (pedagogy and psychology)
B) Teaching subjects
C) Subject didactics
D) Practice teaching and internships

A) The Education Science module courses impart expertise and methodologies in the subject areas of general pedagogy, school pedagogy and psychology. They account for 35 ECTS credits.

B) You choose two teaching subjects, for which you are awarded 60 ECTS credits. List of teaching subject combinations

C) In this module group you study the teaching methods for your chosen teaching subjects, amounting to 12 ECTS credits each.

D) At this stage you will complete a number of internships where you will do actual teaching at a school to give you practical experience early on.

Towards the end of your studies you will write your dissertation (10 ECTS credits).

The First Examination for Teachers consists of module examinations, which are administered by the University and should be completed while studying the programme, and the First State Examination, which will take place after the degree programme has been completed. (Please note that foreign language qualifications are now a requirement for admission to the First State Examination.)

Academic entry requirements

To apply for this degree programme you need a recognised university entrance qualification, e.g. the German Abitur or an equivalent qualification.

German language requirements

You will need German language skills at level B2 CEFR or higher to study this degree programme, as that is the main language of instruction for this programme. Therefore, you will have to provide a recognised German language certificate such as DSH-1 or TestDaF 3×4 with your application, unless German was the language of instruction for your secondary school education (e.g. Abitur at a German international school).

The University of Passau has set up a German language teaching unit, German Courses Passau, which offers a selection of preparatory language programmes tailored to the needs of international students. These range from summer courses to a full academic year and cater to learners of all levels.