Veranstaltungsdetails

Veranstaltungsdetails

Constitutional discourse of 18th century-Europe
SWS:
2
Untertitel:
(ENGLISCH)
Dozierende:
Müßig, Ulrike, Prof. Dr., Schlinker, Steffen, Prof. Dr.
Veranstaltungstyp:
Vorlesung
Beginn des Lehrevaluationszeitraums:
Beschreibung:
Constitutional Discourse in the 18th Century

I. Preliminaries

II. England: Legal Protection or the debate on the Bill of Rights
1. Locke?s justification of the Glorious Revolution
2. Historical legitimation of the Common Law as Immortal Custom
a. Bolingbroke?s vote for the mixed monarchy
b. De Lolmes? preference for historically grown constitutional structures
c. The constitutional system of the Commentaries on the Laws of England
d. Burke?s intergenerational contract as a fighting term against Jacobinism
3. Utilitarian Constitutional Thought as Emacipation of Constitutionalism from the Doctrine of the Social Contract
a. Hume?s Critisism of Locke?s Contract Theory
b. Benefit Calculation Instead of Contractual Relationship in Bentham?s Leadership understanding

III. America: Modern concept of constitution
1. Forming the modern constitutional theory and differentiating between the constitution and other kinds of law
2. Paine?s Common Sense as an Example of the American Argument against Westminster
3. Smith?s Manifesto of interest-centred interaction against Mercantilism
4. Constitutional Text and System of the Constitution of 1787

IV. France: Freedom through Participation in Legislation (National Representation)
1. Voltaire?s Interest in English Constitutional Structures
2. Montesquieu?s Plea for aristocratic intermediary powers
3. The natural law program of the Encyclopédists?
4. Rousseaus' volonté générale as credo of freedom through participation in legislation
5. The National Representation in Sieyes? Program
6. The idea of universal peace in the French Enlightenment
7. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 1789 and the French September Constitution of 1791
8. Nostalgia after the Reign of Terror: the Longing for a Connection between the Old and the New during the Time of the Directorate

V. Germany: Reason of state as criterion of the enlightened absolutism versus self-determination by virtue of rational freedom of will
1. Pre-Kantian natural law as foundation for an alliance between Enlightenment and Absolutism
a. Pufendorf?s Europe-wide reception
b. Thomasius? extension of deontology
c. The natural state as criterion for justness for the civil law in Wolffs? natural law
i Natural state
ii Political moral
2. The publicists? vote for Enlightened Absolutism
3. Fundamentals of the liberal state of law in Kant?s philosophy
4. Aporiae of the concept of sovereignty

VI. Outlook on Early European constitutionalism
1. The concentration on monarchy of the constitutional development after 1800
a. Constitutional wave under the impression of the Napoleonic expansion
i Receptions of the French September Constitution
ii Singular models of estates-based parlamentary counter-models to the Napoleonic state authoritarianism
iii Preference for monarchies in the constitutions of the Rhenish Confederation (Rheinbund)
iv Preference for monarchies at the Congress of Vienna
b. Early European constitutionalism after the Wars of Liberation
i Model character of the Charte Constitutionelle
ii Receptions of the Charte in Southern German Early Constitutionalism
(1) Circumstances of Constitution-making
(2) Constitutional Process
(3) Structures of the constitutions
(4) Continuity regarding concepts of enlightened absolutism
2. Indeterminate nature of post-1830/31 constitutions in terms of sovereignty
a. Constitutional movement after the July Revolution1830 in Paris
b. Belgian constitution of 1831
c. Parlamentarianism in England
d. Middle German constitutionalism
e. Constitutional practices in Southern Germany
i Grand Duchy of Baden
ii Kingdom of Bavaria
iii Kingdom of Württemberg
f. Links between the European constitutional movement and nationalism

VII. Conclusion: Incorporation of the European constitutional discussion in European liberalism
Ort:
(JUR) SR 059: Mittwoch. 26.04., Mittwoch. 10.05., Mittwoch. 07.06., Mittwoch. 21.06., Mittwoch. 05.07., Mittwoch. 19.07. 10:00 - 12:00, (IM) SR 008: Mittwoch. 17.05. 10:00 - 12:00
Zeiten:
Termine am Mittwoch. 26.04., Mittwoch. 10.05., Mittwoch. 17.05., Mittwoch. 07.06., Mittwoch. 21.06., Mittwoch. 05.07., Mittwoch. 19.07. 10:00 - 12:00, Ort: (JUR) SR 059, (IM) SR 008
Erster Termin:Mi , 26.04.2017 10:00 - 12:00, Ort: (JUR) SR 059
Semester:
SS 17
Veranstaltungsnummer:
25630
Anrechenbar für:
Juristische Fakultät > Studiengang Rechtswissenschaft > Universitätsprüfung nach StuPO vom 19.02.2004 (in der Fassung vom 03.08.2009) > SPB 1 (a.F.): Grundlagen des Rechts und des Staates > II. Rechts- und Staatsideen der Neuzeit; Europäische Verfassungsgeschichte
Studienangebote in anderen Sprachen > Studienangebot in englischer Sprache
Juristische Fakultät > Studiengang Rechtswissenschaft > Universitätsprüfung nach StuPO vom 19.02.2004 (in der Fassung vom 26.07.2012 bzw. 10.10.2014) > SPB1 (n.F) Grundlagen des Rechts und des Staates > II. Rechts- und Staatsideen der Neuzeit; Europäische Verfassungsgeschichte
Juristische Fakultät > Certificate of Studies in European, Comparative and International Law (CECIL)
Juristische Fakultät > Veranstaltungen für Hörer anderer Fakultäten
Juristische Fakultät > Veranstaltungen für ausländische Studierende
Ende des Lehrevaluationszeitraums:
Literatur:
Hinweise zur Anrechenbarkeit:
Weitere Informationen zu dieser Veranstaltung:
Heimatinstitut: Lehrstuhl für Bürgerliches Recht sowie Deutsche und Europäische Rechtsgeschichte
Angemeldete Teilnehmer: 29
Anzahl der Postings im Forum: 2